Cheap flights from Kinshasa (FIH) to OR Tambo (JNB) from $261

This is the cheapest one-way flight price found by a Cheapflights user in the last 72 hours by searching for a flight departing on 7/15. Fares are subject to change and may not be available on all flights or dates of travel. Click the price to replicate the search for this deal.
FIH — JNB
jun. 18 — jun. 251

The best prices from Kinshasa N'djili to Johannesburg OR Tambo are usually found in May or June, booked 48 days in advance, depart on a Friday or Sunday and return on a Saturday

Cheap flight deals from Kinshasa to OR Tambo

Discover tips and strategies to find the most affordable flight options for your journey from Kinshasa (FIH) to OR Tambo (JNB). Learn about various techniques such as flexible date searches, comparing prices across and setting up price alerts. Use these methods to find the cheapest flights available for your travel needs. Data last updated junio 13, 2024.

Popular in

January

Cheapest in

May

Round-trip from

$1,192

One-way from

$261
High demand for flights, 1% potential price rise
Best time to find cheap flights, 1% potential price drop
From Kinshasa N'djili to Johannesburg OR Tambo
One-way flight from Kinshasa N'djili to Johannesburg OR Tambo

What is the cheapest day to fly round-trip from Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport?

Departing on a Thursday is a good option for securing a great price. You can expect to save up to 7% when planning your travel around this day of the week.

How far in advance should I book a flight from Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport?

To save on the cost of your flight from Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport, book at least 49 days before your planned departure. Booking around this time can save you about 76% on the cost of this flight compared to booking a flight leaving this week. We have found prices from $455 if you need a flight within two weeks. For flights within the next 72 hours, you can find tickets from as low as $480.

What is the cheapest time of day to fly from FIH to JNB?

When flying from Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport, the time of day you fly usually plays a role in the price. Save by searching for a flight in the morning, which can drop the price by up to 8% versus a flight in the evening.

Cheap Kinshasa to OR Tambo flights in June & July 2024

Find cheap flight options from Kinshasa to OR Tambo specifically for the months of June and July 2024. Explore affordable fares based on user searches. Over the last 7 days, Cheapflights users made 3,214,720 searches. Prices were last updated on junio 13, 2024.
The lowest fares we've come across on flights traveling from Kinshasa to Johannesburg in June and July 2024. Check back soon for alternative fares.
jue. 6/2010:05 amFIH - JNB
1 stop22h 40mKenya Airways
jue. 6/2712:10 pmJNB - FIH
1 stop21h 40mKenya Airways
Deal found 6/13$421
mié. 7/1010:05 amFIH - JNB
1 stop22h 40mKenya Airways
mié. 7/245:00 pmJNB - FIH
1 stop16h 50mKenya Airways
Deal found 6/12$429
vie. 7/1910:05 amFIH - JNB
1 stop13h 10mKenya Airways
mié. 7/3112:10 pmJNB - FIH
1 stop21h 40mKenya Airways
Deal found 6/13$430
lun. 7/110:05 amFIH - JNB
1 stop28h 45mKenya Airways
mié. 7/105:00 pmJNB - FIH
1 stop16h 50mKenya Airways
Deal found 6/12$452
mié. 7/1010:05 amFIH - JNB
1 stop13h 10mKenya Airways
mar. 7/231:15 amJNB - FIH
1 stop8h 35mKenya Airways
Deal found 6/13$453
jue. 6/2010:05 amFIH - JNB
1 stop28h 45mMultiple Airlines
mié. 6/263:00 amJNB - FIH
Nonstop6h 00mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 6/13$468
lun. 7/110:05 amFIH - JNB
1 stop28h 45mKenya Airways
mar. 7/91:15 amJNB - FIH
1 stop8h 35mKenya Airways
Deal found 6/12$475
dom. 6/3010:05 amFIH - JNB
1 stop13h 10mKenya Airways
lun. 7/291:15 amJNB - FIH
1 stop8h 35mKenya Airways
Deal found 6/13$479
dom. 6/307:10 pmFIH - JNB
Nonstop4h 00mAir Côte d’Ivoire
mar. 7/3011:20 amJNB - FIH
Nonstop4h 00mAir Côte d’Ivoire
Deal found 6/13$480

Kinshasa to OR Tambo 2024 flight deals

Discover exclusive flight deals for travel between Kinshasa and OR Tambo in 2024. Find excellent offers based on user searches. Over the last 7 days, Cheapflights users made 3,214,720 searches. Data last updated junio 13, 2024.
The lowest fares we've come across on flights traveling from Kinshasa to Johannesburg in June and July 2024. Check back soon for alternative fares.
jue. 6/2010:05 amFIH - JNB
1 stop22h 40mKenya Airways
jue. 6/2712:10 pmJNB - FIH
1 stop21h 40mKenya Airways
Deal found 6/13$421
mié. 7/1010:05 amFIH - JNB
1 stop22h 40mKenya Airways
mié. 7/245:00 pmJNB - FIH
1 stop16h 50mKenya Airways
Deal found 6/12$429
vie. 7/1910:05 amFIH - JNB
1 stop13h 10mKenya Airways
mié. 7/3112:10 pmJNB - FIH
1 stop21h 40mKenya Airways
Deal found 6/13$430
lun. 7/110:05 amFIH - JNB
1 stop28h 45mKenya Airways
mié. 7/105:00 pmJNB - FIH
1 stop16h 50mKenya Airways
Deal found 6/12$452
mié. 7/1010:05 amFIH - JNB
1 stop13h 10mKenya Airways
mar. 7/231:15 amJNB - FIH
1 stop8h 35mKenya Airways
Deal found 6/13$453
jue. 6/2010:05 amFIH - JNB
1 stop28h 45mMultiple Airlines
mié. 6/263:00 amJNB - FIH
Nonstop6h 00mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 6/13$468
lun. 7/110:05 amFIH - JNB
1 stop28h 45mKenya Airways
mar. 7/91:15 amJNB - FIH
1 stop8h 35mKenya Airways
Deal found 6/12$475
dom. 6/3010:05 amFIH - JNB
1 stop13h 10mKenya Airways
lun. 7/291:15 amJNB - FIH
1 stop8h 35mKenya Airways
Deal found 6/13$479
dom. 6/307:10 pmFIH - JNB
Nonstop4h 00mAir Côte d’Ivoire
mar. 7/3011:20 amJNB - FIH
Nonstop4h 00mAir Côte d’Ivoire
Deal found 6/13$480

Kinshasa to OR Tambo flights leaving soon

Find last-minute flight options from Kinshasa to OR Tambo for spontaneous travel. Discover available flights and compare prices based on user searches. Secure great deals and offers for spontaneous trips with quick booking options. Over the last 7 days, Cheapflights users made 3,214,720 searches. Data last updated junio 13, 2024.
Have a look at some of the flights available from Kinshasa to Johannesburg departing last-minute. It's wise to confirm all flight details are correct before booking.
jue. 6/2010:05 amFIH - JNB
1 stop22h 40mKenya Airways
jue. 6/2712:10 pmJNB - FIH
1 stop21h 40mKenya Airways
Deal found 6/13$421
jue. 6/2010:05 amFIH - JNB
1 stop28h 45mMultiple Airlines
mié. 6/263:00 amJNB - FIH
Nonstop6h 00mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 6/13$468
jue. 6/207:20 pmFIH - JNB
Nonstop4h 30mMultiple Airlines
mié. 6/263:00 amJNB - FIH
Nonstop6h 00mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 6/13$494
jue. 6/207:20 pmFIH - JNB
Nonstop4h 30mMultiple Airlines
jue. 6/275:00 pmJNB - FIH
1 stop16h 50mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 6/13$495
mié. 6/191:10 amFIH - JNB
1 stop10h 55mMultiple Airlines
mié. 6/263:00 amJNB - FIH
Nonstop6h 00mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 6/13$596
mié. 6/191:10 amFIH - JNB
1 stop10h 55mMultiple Airlines
jue. 6/275:00 pmJNB - FIH
1 stop16h 50mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 6/13$621
jue. 6/2010:05 amFIH - JNB
1 stop13h 10mMultiple Airlines
jue. 6/276:40 pmJNB - FIH
2 stops45h 55mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 6/13$638
jue. 6/2010:05 amFIH - JNB
1 stop22h 40mKenya Airways
mié. 6/261:15 amJNB - FIH
1 stop8h 35mKenya Airways
Deal found 6/13$662
mié. 6/191:10 amFIH - JNB
1 stop10h 55mMultiple Airlines
jue. 6/276:40 pmJNB - FIH
2 stops45h 55mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 6/13$752

One-way flights to OR Tambo from Kinshasa

Search for one-way flight options from Kinshasa to OR Tambo. Find affordable one-way fares based on user searches. Compare prices and availability to plan your one-way journey according to your preferred dates and budget. Over the last 7 days, Cheapflights users made 3,214,720 searches. Data last updated junio 13, 2024.
If you're seeking multiple options on one-way flights from Kinshasa to Johannesburg, be sure to check out these deals, which are updated often. Those needing a return flight from Kinshasa to Johannesburg can use the search form above.
lun. 7/1510:05 amFIH - JNB
1 stop23h 50mKenya Airways
Deal found 6/12$261
jue. 10/107:20 pmFIH - JNB
Nonstop4h 30mASKY
Deal found 6/12$288
dom. 7/1412:55 amFIH - JNB
1 stop18h 05mEthiopian Air
Deal found 6/12$382
lun. 7/2912:55 amFIH - JNB
1 stop18h 05mEthiopian Air
Deal found 6/12$393
lun. 7/2912:55 amFIH - JNB
1 stop11h 10mEthiopian Air
Deal found 6/13$394
jue. 10/104:25 pmFIH - JNB
2 stops27h 20mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 6/12$500
lun. 7/153:55 pmFIH - JNB
2 stops27h 20mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 6/12$509
mié. 10/912:50 amFIH - JNB
Nonstop3h 50mSouth African
Deal found 6/12$526
jue. 10/107:20 pmFIH - JNB
Nonstop4h 30mASKY
Deal found 6/12$836

Find flights from Kinshasa to OR Tambo within your budget

Customize your flight search to find flights from Kinshasa to OR Tambo that fit within your specific budget. Explore options based on user searches and filter the results based on your desired price range. Find flights that match your budget for a cost-effective journey. Over the last 7 days, Cheapflights users made 3,214,720 searches. Data last updated junio 13, 2024.

Fly from

Any airport

Fly to

Any airport

Budget

$429 - $632

Route

Depart

Return

Price

Kinshasa N'djiliJohannesburg OR Tambo

FIH - JNB

FIHJNB

Kinshasa N'djili

mié. 7/10

1 stop22h 40m

Johannesburg OR Tambo

mié. 7/24

1 stop16h 50m

$429

Kinshasa N'djiliJohannesburg OR Tambo

FIH - JNB

FIHJNB

Kinshasa N'djili

dom. 6/30

1 stop28h 45m

Johannesburg OR Tambo

mar. 7/30

1 stop16h 50m

$430

Kinshasa N'djiliJohannesburg OR Tambo

FIH - JNB

FIHJNB

Kinshasa N'djili

lun. 7/1

1 stop28h 45m

Johannesburg OR Tambo

mié. 7/10

1 stop16h 50m

$452

Kinshasa N'djiliJohannesburg OR Tambo

FIH - JNB

FIHJNB

Kinshasa N'djili

lun. 7/1

1 stop28h 45m

Johannesburg OR Tambo

mar. 7/9

1 stop8h 35m

$475

Kinshasa N'djiliJohannesburg OR Tambo

FIH - JNB

FIHJNB

Kinshasa N'djili

dom. 6/30

Nonstop4h 00m

Johannesburg OR Tambo

mar. 7/30

Nonstop4h 00m

$480

Kinshasa N'djiliJohannesburg OR Tambo

FIH - JNB

FIHJNB

Kinshasa N'djili

vie. 10/25

1 stop13h 10m

Johannesburg OR Tambo

sáb. 11/2

Nonstop4h 35m

$482

Kinshasa N'djiliJohannesburg OR Tambo

FIH - JNB

FIHJNB

Kinshasa N'djili

dom. 6/30

1 stop28h 45m

Johannesburg OR Tambo

mar. 7/30

Nonstop5h 45m

$483

Kinshasa N'djiliJohannesburg OR Tambo

FIH - JNB

FIHJNB

Kinshasa N'djili

dom. 6/30

Nonstop5h 45m

Johannesburg OR Tambo

lun. 7/29

1 stop8h 35m

$496

Kinshasa N'djiliJohannesburg OR Tambo

FIH - JNB

FIHJNB

Kinshasa N'djili

mar. 7/9

1 stop11h 10m

Johannesburg OR Tambo

mié. 7/24

1 stop10h 35m

$632

Flights are sorted by cheapest first

Deals found on 6/12

How far ahead should I book a flight from Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport?

Use this chart to determine the optimal time to book a round-trip flight from Kinshasa to OR Tambo. Price data was last updated on May 31, 2024.
The price you pay for your flight from Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport may vary depending on when you book. For the best chance of a lower fare, look to book 48 days in advance of your trip. Fares are likely to increase a fortnight or so before your departure date.
Search Deals

What is the cheapest day to fly from Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport?

Use this chart to determine the cheapest time to fly round-trip from Kinshasa to OR Tambo. Price data was last updated on June 9, 2024.
Morning
Noon
Afternoon
Evening
All times are departure.
Travelers seeking maximum savings on their Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport flight should consider departing on Sunday evenings when fares are most often at their lowest. Friday evenings flights should be avoided if possible as fares are typically the most expensive at this time.
Search Deals

Best time to book a flight from Kinshasa to OR Tambo

Have a flexible travel schedule? Discover the best time to fly to OR Tambo from Kinshasa with our price prediction graph.
Estimated round-trip price
Rates are based on past data. Find the cheapest month and day to book your flight based on your travel requirements, then search for cheap deals.

Temperature and rainfall in OR Tambo by month

Plan your trip to OR Tambo by taking into account the average temperature and rainfall totals by month.

JNB

Temperature

50 - 68 °F

If weather is an important factor for your trip to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport, use this chart to help with planning. For those seeking warmer temperatures, January is the ideal time of year to visit, when temperatures reach an average of 68.0 F. Travelers looking to avoid the cold should look outside of June, when temperatures are typically at their lowest (around 50.0 F).

Reviews of airlines servicing OR Tambo

Get insights into the airlines that provide service to OR Tambo. Read reviews, discover amenities, and learn about the overall travel experience offered by airlines. Use this information to make informed decisions when choosing an airline for your flight to OR Tambo. Reviews last updated junio 13, 2024.
To help decide which airline to fly from Kinshasa to Johannesburg, see what other customers have to say about Kenya Airways and Ethiopian Air. Users can see the overall rating for each airline as well as how each is rated in terms of entertainment options, comfort, food, crew/service, and boarding process.
7.9
Good
181 reviews

Overall

7.9

Crew

8.3

Entertainment

6.7

Food

7.3

Boarding

7.9

Comfort

7.5

Reviews

1 / 2

One of the flight attendees was extremely rude and undermining which made my flight horrible

7.9
Good
181 reviews
7.9
Good
181 reviews

Overall

7.9

Crew

8.3

Entertainment

6.7

Food

7.3

Boarding

7.9

Comfort

7.5

Reviews

1 / 2

One of the flight attendees was extremely rude and undermining which made my flight horrible

7.6
Good
53 reviews
7.9
Good
181 reviews

Overall

7.9

Crew

8.3

Entertainment

6.7

Food

7.3

Boarding

7.9

Comfort

7.5

Reviews

1 / 2

One of the flight attendees was extremely rude and undermining which made my flight horrible

7.4
Good
782 reviews
7.9
Good
181 reviews

Overall

7.9

Crew

8.3

Entertainment

6.7

Food

7.3

Boarding

7.9

Comfort

7.5

Reviews

1 / 2

One of the flight attendees was extremely rude and undermining which made my flight horrible

7.1
Good
21 reviews
7.9
Good
181 reviews

Overall

7.9

Crew

8.3

Entertainment

6.7

Food

7.3

Boarding

7.9

Comfort

7.5

Reviews

1 / 2

One of the flight attendees was extremely rude and undermining which made my flight horrible

7.1
Good
365 reviews
7.9
Good
181 reviews

Overall

7.9

Crew

8.3

Entertainment

6.7

Food

7.3

Boarding

7.9

Comfort

7.5

Reviews

1 / 2

One of the flight attendees was extremely rude and undermining which made my flight horrible

Related info for your journey

Find useful and relevant information for your journey from Kinshasa to OR Tambo. Access travel guides, tips, and recommendations to enhance your travel experience. Get information about local attractions, weather, transportation options, and more.
  • What airport do you fly from for flights from Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo?

    Kinshasa N'djili (FIH) is the airport you will fly out of if you book a flight from Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo. You should not have trouble finding flights to Johannesburg OR Tambo from N'djili; the airport handles an average of 1 outbound flight to Johannesburg OR Tambo per day. You should also have plenty of airline options to choose from since 5 airlines have flights from the Kinshasa airport to Johannesburg OR Tambo. It is only a 11.0 mi journey to N'djili (FIH) from Kinshasa’s city center.

  • Can I find flights from Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport for under $500 on Cheapflights?

    Yes, there are multiple flights from Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport for under $500. The cheapest flight booked recently is on Kenya Airways for just $429, but on average you can expect to pay $568.

  • Are there nonstop flights from Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport for under $500 on Cheapflights?

    Cheapflights has at least 4 direct flights from Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport under $500. A good price for a nonstop flight from Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport is less than $1,372.

  • Are there last-minute flights available from Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport for under $500?

    There are currently 20+ open flights from Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport within the next 7 days for less than $500.

  • What are the cheapest airlines flying from Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport round-trip?

    Cheapflights users have booked flights from Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport round-trip from $429. Other airlines that can offer you cheap pricing are Air Côte d’Ivoire, from $480, and Ethiopian Air, from $632. These flights start at 9% lower than the current average price 3 months from now.

  • What are the cheapest airlines to fly from Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport one-way?

    To fly one-way, consider booking your trip with Kenya Airways, which is currently one of the cheapest options available, starting at $261. ASKY flights start at $288 while deals on Ethiopian Air start at $382 one-way.

  • What are the cheapest flights from Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport?

    Looking at all options, your cheapest flight can be booked for $265. While the most popular route (Kinshasa N'djili - Johannesburg OR Tambo) can be booked for $463 on average our data indicates $380 when flying from Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport.

  • What does FIH to JNB mean?

    FIH stands for Kinshasa N'djili Airport, while JNB stands for Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport. These codes are often called IATA codes, a set of identifiers established by IATA (International Air Transport Association) that is widely used by airlines and the aviation industry.

  • Can I find deals for flights from Kinshasa to OR Tambo that include extra baggage allowance?

    The amount of baggage you can bring on your Kinshasa to OR Tambo flight depends on the airline and the type of fare you've chosen. After entering your flight details, you'll be able to view the specific baggage policies for each deal in the search results. Keep in mind that certain deals may offer additional baggage allowance.

  • Can I find deals on flights from Kinshasa to OR Tambo with specific airlines?

    Yes, Cheapflights allows you to browse and filter Kinshasa to OR Tambo flight deals by airline. After entering your origin and destination, use the available filters to view flights offered by airlines.

  • Can I find deals for flights from Kinshasa to OR Tambo that include hotel bookings?

    Yes. In addition to deals on Kinshasa to OR Tambo flights, Cheapflights offers vacation packages that include both flights and hotel.

  • How can I find direct flights from Kinshasa to OR Tambo?

    After entering your origin and destination, apply the non-stop filter on the search result page to find direct flights from Kinshasa to OR Tambo.

  • Can I find deals for business class flights from Kinshasa to OR Tambo?

    Yes. Cheapflights offers flight deals from Kinshasa to OR Tambo by cabin class. In addition to browsing deals, you can also filter by cabin class on the search results page after making a search.

  • Can I find deals for flights from Kinshasa to OR Tambo that allow pets onboard?

    Many airlines flying from Kinshasa to OR Tambo offer the option to travel with pets. After selecting a flight deal, you can find more information about the airline's pet policy on their official website or by contacting the airline directly. Please note that additional fees and restrictions may apply.

  • Can I find deals on last-minute flights from Kinshasa to OR Tambo?

    Yes, you can often find last-minute deals on Kinshasa to OR Tambo flights on Cheapflights. However, these deals can vary and may not always be available. We recommend checking back frequently or signing up for price alerts for the most up-to-date deals.

  • How recently were the Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport flight deals updated?

    The Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport flight deals you see on this page were last updated on 6/13.

  • What are the most popular airlines that fly from Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport?

  • What is the cheapest month to book a flight from Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport?

    Currently, January is the cheapest month in which you can book a flight from Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport (average of $1,192). Flying from Kinshasa to Johannesburg OR Tambo Airport in July is currently the most expensive (average of $1,746). There are several factors that can impact the price of a flight, so comparing airlines, departure airports and flight times can provide users with more options.

See more FAQs

Browse thousands of different options on Cheapflights for your next trip

Toggle through the tabs below to find thousands of options on Cheapflights for your next trip.

Top 5 airlines flying from Kinshasa to OR Tambo

Discover the top 5 airlines that operate flights from Kinshasa to OR Tambo. Compare their services, reliability, and customer satisfaction ratings to choose the airline that best suits your travel preferences and needs. Over the last 7 days, Cheapflights users made 3,214,720 searches. Data last updated junio 13, 2024.
AirlineCheapestAverageFlexibilityOn-time
Air Côte d’IvoireCheapest$200Average$476FlexibilityNo cancel feeOn-timeN/A
ASKYCheapest$216Average$499FlexibilityNo cancel feeOn-timeN/A
South AfricanCheapest$279Average$523FlexibilityNo cancel feeOn-time78%
Kenya AirwaysCheapest$410Average$436FlexibilityNo cancel feeOn-time82%
Ethiopian AirCheapest$473Average$540FlexibilityNo cancel feeOn-time72%

Search flights from Kinshasa to OR Tambo by cabin class

Find flights from Kinshasa to OR Tambo, based on your preferred cabin class, be it economy, premium economy, business, or first class.

Hourly flight availability from Kinshasa to OR Tambo

Find hourly flight availability from Kinshasa to OR Tambo. Discover flight options and departure times throughout the day, allowing you to choose a departure time that suits your schedule. Data last updated junio 13, 2024.
13%of flight departuresEarly morningMidnight to 6 am
0%of flight departuresMorning6 am to noon
25%of flight departuresAfternoonNoon to 6 pm
62%of flight departuresEvening6 pm to midnight
Midnight
6 AM
Noon
6 PM

Weekly flight availability from Kinshasa to OR Tambo

Explore weekly flight availability from Kinshasa to OR Tambo. Discover flights operating on different days of the week, giving you the flexibility to choose a travel day that best fits your plans. Compare info to find the most convenient option for your journey. Data last updated junio 13, 2024.
Sunday1daily flight
Monday1daily flight
Tuesday1daily flight
Wednesday1daily flight
Thursday1daily flight
Friday0daily flights
Saturday2daily flights
100% Free
Cheapflights is completely free to use, so you can start saving the moment you arrive.
Book with Flexibility
Our users can plan ahead with confidence and find flights with no change fees
Travel Smart
Millions of people come to us for their flight needs every year. We help make travel planning easy by providing useful insights and data-driven graphs that can inform your decisions.