Cheap flights from Heathrow (LHR) to Amsterdam (AMS) from $53

This is the cheapest one-way flight price found by a Cheapflights user in the last 72 hours by searching for a flight departing on 11/14. Fares are subject to change and may not be available on all flights or dates of travel. Click the price to replicate the search for this deal.
LHR — AMS
juin 25 — juil. 21

The best prices from London Heathrow to Amsterdam Schiphol are usually found in January or November, booked 71 days in advance, depart on a Thursday or Wednesday and return on a Tuesday

Cheap flight deals from Heathrow to Amsterdam

Discover tips and strategies to find the most affordable flight options for your journey from Heathrow (LHR) to Amsterdam (AMS). Learn about various techniques such as flexible date searches, comparing prices across and setting up price alerts. Use these methods to find the cheapest flights available for your travel needs. Data last updated juin 20, 2024.

Popular in

May

Cheapest in

January

Round-trip from

$594

One-way from

$53
High demand for flights, 11% potential price rise
Best time to find cheap flights, 14% potential price drop
From London Heathrow to Amsterdam Schiphol
One-way flight from London Heathrow to Amsterdam Schiphol

What is the cheapest day to fly round-trip from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam?

Flying to your destination on a Friday can be more expensive, but this shouldn’t discourage you from finding affordable options to get to Amsterdam. Check prices with Cheapflights to find a great deal for your trip.

How far in advance should I book a flight from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam?

Find a great deal and save up to 73% by booking at least 56 days prior to your desired departure date, rather than waiting until the week of travel. According to our data, there are a number of flights available from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam within the next two weeks, with the cheapest ticket starting at $155.

What is the cheapest month to fly from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam?

September can be a great time to fly to Amsterdam from London Heathrow Airport with a flight ticket averaging about $142. Cheapflights users have found deals in the month of September for as cheap as $82. The most expensive prices can be found in the month of August.

What is the cheapest time of day to fly from LHR to AMS?

It’s typically best to fly out from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam in the evening. Doing so could potentially save you 4% on the flight price compared to flying in the morning, which is usually more expensive.

Cheap Heathrow to Amsterdam flights in June & July 2024

Find cheap flight options from Heathrow to Amsterdam specifically for the months of June and July 2024. Explore affordable fares based on user searches. Over the last 7 days, Cheapflights users made 3,256,981 searches. Prices were last updated on juin 20, 2024.
These are some of the most attractive deals on flights from London to Amsterdam in 2024. Check back in a little while for more flight options.
jeu. 7/186:30 amLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 20mKLM
ven. 8/27:20 amAMS - LHR
Nonstop1h 20mKLM
Deal found 6/19$146
mar. 7/238:55 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 15mKLM
mar. 7/307:05 pmAMS - LHR
Nonstop1h 20mKLM
Deal found 6/19$147
mer. 7/178:55 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 15mKLM
mer. 7/248:30 pmAMS - LHR
Nonstop1h 25mKLM
Deal found 6/19$148
mer. 7/178:55 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 15mKLM
mar. 7/238:30 pmAMS - LHR
Nonstop1h 25mKLM
Deal found 6/19$151
lun. 7/228:55 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 15mKLM
jeu. 7/257:20 amAMS - LHR
Nonstop1h 20mKLM
Deal found 6/19$152
lun. 7/228:55 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 15mKLM
ven. 8/28:30 pmAMS - LHR
Nonstop1h 25mKLM
Deal found 6/19$153
lun. 7/228:55 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 15mKLM
jeu. 7/257:20 amAMS - LHR
Nonstop1h 20mKLM
Deal found 6/20$156
mar. 7/238:55 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 15mKLM
ven. 7/267:20 amAMS - LHR
Nonstop1h 20mKLM
Deal found 6/19$160
mar. 7/168:55 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 15mKLM
ven. 7/267:20 amAMS - LHR
Nonstop1h 20mKLM
Deal found 6/19$161

Heathrow to Amsterdam 2024 flight deals

Discover exclusive flight deals for travel between Heathrow and Amsterdam in 2024. Find excellent offers based on user searches. Over the last 7 days, Cheapflights users made 3,256,981 searches. Data last updated juin 20, 2024.
These are some of the most attractive deals on flights from London to Amsterdam in 2024. Check back in a little while for more flight options.
jeu. 8/87:30 amLHR - AMS
1 stop10h 00mLufthansa
lun. 8/129:05 pmAMS - LHR
1 stop12h 10mLufthansa
Deal found 6/19$138
jeu. 8/156:30 amLHR - AMS
1 stop11h 00mLufthansa
lun. 8/1910:00 amAMS - LHR
1 stop7h 40mLufthansa
Deal found 6/20$140
jeu. 11/77:40 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 25mBritish Airways
dim. 11/109:25 pmAMS - LHR
Nonstop1h 10mBritish Airways
Deal found 6/19$141
dim. 11/109:25 amLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 25mBritish Airways
mer. 11/139:05 pmAMS - LHR
Nonstop1h 05mBritish Airways
Deal found 6/20$142
mer. 11/134:30 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 25mBritish Airways
mer. 11/139:05 pmAMS - LHR
Nonstop1h 05mBritish Airways
Deal found 6/19$143
jeu. 11/143:10 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 25mBritish Airways
dim. 11/179:25 pmAMS - LHR
Nonstop1h 10mBritish Airways
Deal found 6/20$144
lun. 9/307:35 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 20mBritish Airways
mar. 10/19:25 pmAMS - LHR
Nonstop1h 15mBritish Airways
Deal found 6/20$145
jeu. 7/186:30 amLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 20mKLM
ven. 8/27:20 amAMS - LHR
Nonstop1h 20mKLM
Deal found 6/19$146
mar. 7/238:55 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 15mKLM
mar. 7/307:05 pmAMS - LHR
Nonstop1h 20mKLM
Deal found 6/19$147

Heathrow to Amsterdam flights leaving soon

Find last-minute flight options from Heathrow to Amsterdam for spontaneous travel. Discover available flights and compare prices based on user searches. Secure great deals and offers for spontaneous trips with quick booking options. Over the last 7 days, Cheapflights users made 3,256,981 searches. Data last updated juin 20, 2024.
Have a look at some of the last-minute flights available departing from London to Amsterdam. To prevent any unwanted surprises, users should verify their flight info before booking.
ven. 6/288:55 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 15mKLM
mar. 7/28:30 amAMS - LHR
Nonstop1h 30mKLM
Deal found 6/19$181
mer. 7/37:40 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 20mBritish Airways
mar. 7/99:25 pmAMS - LHR
Nonstop1h 15mBritish Airways
Deal found 6/20$182
mar. 6/257:15 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 15mKLM
mar. 7/28:30 amAMS - LHR
Nonstop1h 30mKLM
Deal found 6/19$184
mer. 6/267:40 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 20mBritish Airways
mer. 7/39:15 pmAMS - LHR
Nonstop1h 15mBritish Airways
Deal found 6/20$189
ven. 6/217:35 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 20mBritish Airways
mar. 6/259:25 pmAMS - LHR
Nonstop1h 15mBritish Airways
Deal found 6/20$194
mer. 6/268:55 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 15mKLM
mer. 7/37:20 amAMS - LHR
Nonstop1h 20mKLM
Deal found 6/19$195
mer. 6/265:10 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 25mKLM
mer. 7/37:20 amAMS - LHR
Nonstop1h 20mKLM
Deal found 6/20$196
ven. 6/287:35 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 20mBritish Airways
lun. 7/17:20 amAMS - LHR
Nonstop1h 20mBritish Airways
Deal found 6/19$199
ven. 6/287:35 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 20mBritish Airways
lun. 7/17:20 amAMS - LHR
Nonstop1h 20mBritish Airways
Deal found 6/19$200

One-way flights to Amsterdam from Heathrow

Search for one-way flight options from Heathrow to Amsterdam. Find affordable one-way fares based on user searches. Compare prices and availability to plan your one-way journey according to your preferred dates and budget. Over the last 7 days, Cheapflights users made 3,256,981 searches. Data last updated juin 20, 2024.
Take a look at some of the one-way flights we've detected from London to Amsterdam. Users needing a return flight from London to Amsterdam should utilize the search form above.
jeu. 11/143:10 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 25mBritish Airways
Deal found 6/18$53
mer. 11/277:40 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 25mBritish Airways
Deal found 6/19$56
mer. 10/166:00 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 20mBritish Airways
Deal found 6/19$58
mer. 8/284:05 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 20mBritish Airways
Deal found 6/19$60
mer. 8/284:05 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 20mBritish Airways
Deal found 6/20$62
dim. 10/273:10 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 25mBritish Airways
Deal found 6/18$64
lun. 9/96:15 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 20mBritish Airways
Deal found 6/20$66
mar. 7/96:15 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 20mBritish Airways
Deal found 6/19$67
mar. 7/96:15 pmLHR - AMS
Nonstop1h 20mBritish Airways
Deal found 6/19$68

Find flights from Heathrow to Amsterdam within your budget

Customize your flight search to find flights from Heathrow to Amsterdam that fit within your specific budget. Explore options based on user searches and filter the results based on your desired price range. Find flights that match your budget for a cost-effective journey. Over the last 7 days, Cheapflights users made 3,256,981 searches. Data last updated juin 20, 2024.

Fly from

Any airport

Fly to

Any airport

Budget

$138 - $253

Route

Depart

Return

Price

London HeathrowAmsterdam Schiphol

LHR - AMS

LHRAMS

London Heathrow

jeu. 8/8

1 stop10h 00m

Amsterdam Schiphol

lun. 8/12

1 stop12h 10m

$138

London HeathrowAmsterdam Schiphol

LHR - AMS

LHRAMS

London Heathrow

jeu. 8/15

1 stop11h 00m

Amsterdam Schiphol

lun. 8/19

1 stop6h 10m

$140

London HeathrowAmsterdam Schiphol

LHR - AMS

LHRAMS

London Heathrow

jeu. 11/7

Nonstop1h 25m

Amsterdam Schiphol

dim. 11/10

Nonstop1h 10m

$141

London HeathrowAmsterdam Schiphol

LHR - AMS

LHRAMS

London Heathrow

mer. 11/13

Nonstop1h 25m

Amsterdam Schiphol

mer. 11/13

Nonstop1h 05m

$143

London HeathrowAmsterdam Schiphol

LHR - AMS

LHRAMS

London Heathrow

jeu. 7/18

Nonstop1h 20m

Amsterdam Schiphol

ven. 8/2

Nonstop1h 20m

$146

London HeathrowAmsterdam Schiphol

LHR - AMS

LHRAMS

London Heathrow

dim. 11/10

Nonstop1h 25m

Amsterdam Schiphol

jeu. 11/14

1 stop6h 55m

$162

London HeathrowAmsterdam Schiphol

LHR - AMS

LHRAMS

London Heathrow

ven. 9/27

1 stop4h 40m

Amsterdam Schiphol

lun. 9/30

1 stop10h 15m

$219

London HeathrowAmsterdam Schiphol

LHR - AMS

LHRAMS

London Heathrow

dim. 8/25

1 stop23h 30m

Amsterdam Schiphol

mar. 8/27

1 stop7h 50m

$245

London HeathrowAmsterdam Schiphol

LHR - AMS

LHRAMS

London Heathrow

mer. 10/30

1 stop12h 45m

Amsterdam Schiphol

dim. 11/3

1 stop15h 40m

$253

Flights are sorted by cheapest first

Deals found on 6/19

How far ahead should I book a flight from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam?

Use this chart to determine the optimal time to book a round-trip flight from Heathrow to Amsterdam. Price data was last updated on June 14, 2024.
The price you pay for your flight from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam may vary depending on when you book. For the best chance of a lower fare, look to book 71 days in advance of your trip. Fares are likely to increase a fortnight or so before your departure date.
Search Deals

What is the cheapest day to fly from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam?

Use this chart to determine the cheapest time to fly round-trip from Heathrow to Amsterdam. Price data was last updated on June 16, 2024.
Morning
Noon
Afternoon
Evening
All times are departure.
Travelers seeking maximum savings on their London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam flight should consider departing on Wednesday evenings when fares are most often at their lowest. Wednesday at noon flights should be avoided if possible as fares are typically the most expensive at this time.
Search Deals

Best time to book a flight from Heathrow to Amsterdam

Have a flexible travel schedule? Discover the best time to fly to Amsterdam from Heathrow with our price prediction graph.
Estimated round-trip price
Rates are based on past data. Find the cheapest month and day to book your flight based on your travel requirements, then search for cheap deals.

Temperature and rainfall in Amsterdam by month

Plan your trip to Amsterdam by taking into account the average temperature and rainfall totals by month.

AMS

Temperature

35.6 - 60.8 °F

If weather is an important factor for your trip to Amsterdam, use this chart to help with planning. For those seeking warmer temperatures, July is the ideal time of year to visit, when temperatures reach an average of 60.8 F. Travelers looking to avoid the cold should look outside of February, when temperatures are typically at their lowest (around 35.6 F).

Reviews of airlines servicing Amsterdam

Get insights into the airlines that provide service to Amsterdam. Read reviews, discover amenities, and learn about the overall travel experience offered by airlines. Use this information to make informed decisions when choosing an airline for your flight to Amsterdam. Reviews last updated juin 20, 2024.
Get a feel of what it's like to fly with British Airways, Aer Lingus and KLM from London to Amsterdam by reading reviews from past customers. Users have also rated airlines in terms of entertainment options, comfort, food, crew/service, and boarding process.
8.1
Very good
847 reviews

Entertainment

7.1

Food

7.5

Overall

8.1

Boarding

7.8

Comfort

7.9

Crew

8.5

Reviews

1 / 10

45 minute flight delay. Gate agent in Athens had poor communication skills which made the wait more stressful. Updates from Aegean via email were late.

8.1
Very good
847 reviews
8.1
Very good
847 reviews

Entertainment

7.1

Food

7.5

Overall

8.1

Boarding

7.8

Comfort

7.9

Crew

8.5

Reviews

1 / 10

45 minute flight delay. Gate agent in Athens had poor communication skills which made the wait more stressful. Updates from Aegean via email were late.

7.9
Good
1,437 reviews
8.1
Very good
847 reviews

Entertainment

7.1

Food

7.5

Overall

8.1

Boarding

7.8

Comfort

7.9

Crew

8.5

Reviews

1 / 10

45 minute flight delay. Gate agent in Athens had poor communication skills which made the wait more stressful. Updates from Aegean via email were late.

7.7
Good
1,876 reviews
8.1
Very good
847 reviews

Entertainment

7.1

Food

7.5

Overall

8.1

Boarding

7.8

Comfort

7.9

Crew

8.5

Reviews

1 / 10

45 minute flight delay. Gate agent in Athens had poor communication skills which made the wait more stressful. Updates from Aegean via email were late.

7.7
Good
971 reviews
8.1
Very good
847 reviews

Entertainment

7.1

Food

7.5

Overall

8.1

Boarding

7.8

Comfort

7.9

Crew

8.5

Reviews

1 / 10

45 minute flight delay. Gate agent in Athens had poor communication skills which made the wait more stressful. Updates from Aegean via email were late.

7.5
Good
1,666 reviews
8.1
Very good
847 reviews

Entertainment

7.1

Food

7.5

Overall

8.1

Boarding

7.8

Comfort

7.9

Crew

8.5

Reviews

1 / 10

45 minute flight delay. Gate agent in Athens had poor communication skills which made the wait more stressful. Updates from Aegean via email were late.

Related info for your journey

Find useful and relevant information for your journey from Heathrow to Amsterdam. Access travel guides, tips, and recommendations to enhance your travel experience. Get information about local attractions, weather, transportation options, and more.
  • What airport do you fly into for flights to Amsterdam from London Heathrow?

    Most people fly into Amsterdam Schiphol (AMS) if they book a flight to Amsterdam from London Heathrow. On average, Schiphol has 49 inbound flights from London Heathrow per day from 3 airlines. Amsterdam Schiphol is conveniently located just 7.1 mi from Amsterdam’s city center.

  • Can I find flights from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam for under $200 on Cheapflights?

    Yes, there are multiple flights from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam for under $200. The cheapest flight booked recently is on Lufthansa for just $138, but on average you can expect to pay $149.

  • Are there nonstop flights from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam for under $200 on Cheapflights?

    Cheapflights has at least 20 direct flights from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam under $200. A good price for a nonstop flight from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam is less than $151.

  • Are there last-minute flights available from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam for under $200?

    There are currently 20+ open flights from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam within the next 7 days for less than $200.

  • What days are nonstop flights available from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam?

    Nonstop flights can be found on the following days: Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday.

  • How many flights depart from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam on average per day?

    Per day, 80 flights depart from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam on average.
    Early Morning (Midnight to 6am) - 4% of flight departures
    Morning (6am - Noon) - 50% of flight departures
    Afternoon (Noon - 6pm) - 18% of flight departures
    Evening (6pm - Midnight) - 29% of flight departures

  • How long is the flight from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam?

    Departing from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam will take you 1h 20m. The distance between London Heathrow Airport and Amsterdam is about 231 mi. When browsing for deals, the options you’ll see will be for both nonstop flights and flights with stops.

  • What are the cheapest airlines flying from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam round-trip?

    Lufthansa, at $138, was found to be the cheapest airline from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam.Alternate airlines to your destination round-trip include British Airways and KLM. Users have found that Lufthansa is 21% cheaper than the other options available to this destination.

  • What are the most reliable airlines from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam?

    No one likes to see their flight delayed. When booking a flight from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam consider choosing Oman Air (94%), KLM Cityhopper (88%) or China Airlines (87%) as they are the most reliable in getting you off to your destination on time.

  • What are the cheapest flights from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam?

    On average you can expect to pay $412 for a flight from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam. The cheapest flight overall is $69 while the most popular route, (London Heathrow - Amsterdam Schiphol) is currently priced at $173.

  • What does LHR to AMS mean?

    LHR and AMS are unique codes to identify airports used in the aviation industry. They are defined by IATA (International Air Transport Association) and are commonly called IATA codes. LHR to AMS refers to a flight route from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam Schiphol Airport.

  • Can I find deals for flights from Heathrow to Amsterdam that include extra baggage allowance?

    The amount of baggage you can bring on your Heathrow to Amsterdam flight depends on the airline and the type of fare you've chosen. After entering your flight details, you'll be able to view the specific baggage policies for each deal in the search results. Keep in mind that certain deals may offer additional baggage allowance.

  • Can I find deals on flights from Heathrow to Amsterdam with specific airlines?

    Yes, Cheapflights allows you to browse and filter Heathrow to Amsterdam flight deals by airline. After entering your origin and destination, use the available filters to view flights offered by airlines.

  • Can I find deals for flights from Heathrow to Amsterdam that include hotel bookings?

    Yes. In addition to deals on Heathrow to Amsterdam flights, Cheapflights offers vacation packages that include both flights and hotel.

  • How can I find direct flights from Heathrow to Amsterdam?

    After entering your origin and destination, apply the non-stop filter on the search result page to find direct flights from Heathrow to Amsterdam.

  • Can I find deals for business class flights from Heathrow to Amsterdam?

    Yes. Cheapflights offers flight deals from Heathrow to Amsterdam by cabin class. In addition to browsing deals, you can also filter by cabin class on the search results page after making a search.

  • Can I find deals for flights from Heathrow to Amsterdam that allow pets onboard?

    Many airlines flying from Heathrow to Amsterdam offer the option to travel with pets. After selecting a flight deal, you can find more information about the airline's pet policy on their official website or by contacting the airline directly. Please note that additional fees and restrictions may apply.

  • Can I find deals on last-minute flights from Heathrow to Amsterdam?

    Yes, you can often find last-minute deals on Heathrow to Amsterdam flights on Cheapflights. However, these deals can vary and may not always be available. We recommend checking back frequently or signing up for price alerts for the most up-to-date deals.

  • How recently were the London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam flight deals updated?

    The London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam flight deals you see on this page were last updated on 6/20.

  • What are the most popular airlines that fly from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam?

  • What is the cheapest month to book a flight from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam?

    Currently, January is the cheapest month in which you can book a flight from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam (average of $594). Flying from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam in June is currently the most expensive (average of $1,185). There are several factors that can impact the price of a flight, so comparing airlines, departure airports and flight times can provide users with more options.

See more FAQs

Browse thousands of different options on Cheapflights for your next trip

Toggle through the tabs below to find thousands of options on Cheapflights for your next trip.

Alternative routes for Heathrow to Amsterdam
See prices for flight routes from nearby airports that may be better suited for you.

Top 3 airlines flying from Heathrow to Amsterdam

Discover the top 3 airlines that operate flights from Heathrow to Amsterdam. Compare their services, reliability, and customer satisfaction ratings to choose the airline that best suits your travel preferences and needs. Over the last 7 days, Cheapflights users made 3,256,981 searches. Data last updated juin 20, 2024.
AirlineCheapestAverageFlexibilityOn-time
easyJetCheapest$83Average$173FlexibilityNo cancel feeOn-time86%
British AirwaysCheapest$140Average$208FlexibilityNo cancel feeOn-time70%
KLMCheapest$149Average$201FlexibilityNo cancel feeOn-time75%

Search flights from Heathrow to Amsterdam by cabin class

Find flights from Heathrow to Amsterdam, based on your preferred cabin class, be it economy, premium economy, business, or first class.

Hourly flight availability from Heathrow to Amsterdam

Find hourly flight availability from Heathrow to Amsterdam. Discover flight options and departure times throughout the day, allowing you to choose a departure time that suits your schedule. Data last updated juin 20, 2024.
9%of flight departuresEarly morningMidnight to 6 am
31%of flight departuresMorning6 am to noon
37%of flight departuresAfternoonNoon to 6 pm
23%of flight departuresEvening6 pm to midnight
Midnight
6 AM
Noon
6 PM

Weekly flight availability from Heathrow to Amsterdam

Explore weekly flight availability from Heathrow to Amsterdam. Discover flights operating on different days of the week, giving you the flexibility to choose a travel day that best fits your plans. Compare info to find the most convenient option for your journey. Data last updated juin 20, 2024.
Sunday41daily flights
Monday70daily flights
Tuesday59daily flights
Wednesday57daily flights
Thursday37daily flights
Friday52daily flights
Saturday29daily flights
100% Free
Cheapflights is completely free to use, so you can start saving the moment you arrive.
Book with Flexibility
Our users can plan ahead with confidence and find flights with no change fees
Travel Smart
Millions of people come to us for their flight needs every year. We help make travel planning easy by providing useful insights and data-driven graphs that can inform your decisions.