Cheap flights from Dublin (DUB) to Frankfurt (FRA) from $64

This is the cheapest one-way flight price found by a Cheapflights user in the last 72 hours by searching for a flight departing on 9/4. Fares are subject to change and may not be available on all flights or dates of travel. Click the price to replicate the search for this deal.
DUB — FRA
Jun 25 — Jul 21

The best prices from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main are usually found in April or September, booked 56 days in advance, depart on a Tuesday or Wednesday and return on a Tuesday

Cheap flight deals from Dublin to Frankfurt

Discover tips and strategies to find the most affordable flight options for your journey from Dublin (DUB) to Frankfurt (FRA). Learn about various techniques such as flexible date searches, comparing prices across and setting up price alerts. Use these methods to find the cheapest flights available for your travel needs. Data last updated June 20, 2024.

Popular in

January

Cheapest in

April

Round-trip from

$720

One-way from

$135
High demand for flights, 15% potential price rise
Best time to find cheap flights, 18% potential price drop
From Dublin to Frankfurt am Main
One-way flight from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main

What is the cheapest day to fly round-trip from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport?

Flights from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport are found to be more expensive on Saturday. This shouldn't discourage you from searching as you can still find great deals by being flexible with your options. Use our search form to find deals on tickets to Frankfurt am Main Airport.

How far in advance should I book a flight from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport?

Travelers have found it’s best to book a flight 57 days in advance to save up to 190% compared to booking the same week of travel. As your travel date approaches, the cost of this flight route may potentially increase. While opting to book 57 days out may not be an option for all, there are still additional ways to secure a deal in the near future. You might find a flight from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport 1-2 weeks in advance for as low as $152, or $200 for flights within the next 24 hours.

What is the cheapest month to fly from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport?

April is one of the best times of the year to fly to Frankfurt am Main Airport from Dublin. Prices for April average $166 per person but you can even find prices for as low as $76. The most expensive prices can be found in the month of January. Opting for a April flight can save you 17% on your journey compared to booking in January

What is the cheapest time of day to fly from DUB to FRA?

It’s typically best to fly out from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport in the afternoon. Doing so could potentially save you 62% on the flight price compared to flying at noon, which is usually more expensive.

Cheap Dublin to Frankfurt flights in June & July 2024

Find cheap flight options from Dublin to Frankfurt specifically for the months of June and July 2024. Explore affordable fares based on user searches. Over the last 7 days, Cheapflights users made 3,256,981 searches. Prices were last updated on June 20, 2024.
These are some of the most attractive deals on flights from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main in 2024. For more flight deals, be sure to check back very soon.
Thu 7/185:50 amDUB - FRA
Nonstop2h 00mLufthansa
Wed 7/247:05 amFRA - DUB
Nonstop2h 10mLufthansa
Deal found 6/20$118
Thu 7/185:50 amDUB - FRA
Nonstop2h 00mLufthansa
Sun 7/217:05 amFRA - DUB
Nonstop2h 10mLufthansa
Deal found 6/19$126
Thu 7/185:50 amDUB - FRA
Nonstop2h 00mLufthansa
Thu 7/257:05 amFRA - DUB
Nonstop2h 10mLufthansa
Deal found 6/20$129
Wed 7/109:05 amDUB - FRA
Nonstop2h 00mLufthansa
Wed 7/179:05 pmFRA - DUB
Nonstop2h 10mLufthansa
Deal found 6/19$136
Tue 7/165:35 pmDUB - FRA
Nonstop2h 00mLufthansa
Sat 7/203:40 pmFRA - DUB
Nonstop2h 10mLufthansa
Deal found 6/19$141
Sat 7/205:35 pmDUB - FRA
Nonstop2h 00mLufthansa
Sun 7/217:05 amFRA - DUB
Nonstop2h 10mLufthansa
Deal found 6/19$142
Tue 7/161:00 pmDUB - FRA
1 stop6h 10mMultiple Airlines
Fri 7/197:05 amFRA - DUB
Nonstop2h 10mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 6/19$149
Wed 7/109:05 amDUB - FRA
Nonstop2h 00mMultiple Airlines
Wed 7/173:00 pmFRA - DUB
1 stop4h 00mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 6/19$153
Thu 7/185:45 pmDUB - FRA
1 stop15h 15mLufthansa
Sun 7/217:05 amFRA - DUB
Nonstop2h 10mLufthansa
Deal found 6/19$158

Dublin to Frankfurt 2024 flight deals

Discover exclusive flight deals for travel between Dublin and Frankfurt in 2024. Find excellent offers based on user searches. Over the last 7 days, Cheapflights users made 3,256,981 searches. Data last updated June 20, 2024.
These are some of the most attractive deals on flights from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main in 2024. For more flight deals, be sure to check back very soon.
Wed 9/185:50 amDUB - FRA
Nonstop2h 00mLufthansa
Wed 9/257:05 amFRA - DUB
Nonstop2h 10mLufthansa
Deal found 6/19$105
Wed 9/185:50 amDUB - FRA
Nonstop2h 00mLufthansa
Wed 9/259:05 pmFRA - DUB
Nonstop2h 10mLufthansa
Deal found 6/20$106
Thu 11/286:55 amDUB - FRA
Nonstop2h 10mMultiple Airlines
Tue 12/36:35 amFRA - DUB
Nonstop2h 10mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 6/19$117
Thu 7/185:50 amDUB - FRA
Nonstop2h 00mLufthansa
Wed 7/247:05 amFRA - DUB
Nonstop2h 10mLufthansa
Deal found 6/20$118
Thu 10/318:35 amDUB - FRA
Nonstop2h 05mLufthansa
Sun 11/39:40 pmFRA - DUB
Nonstop2h 10mLufthansa
Deal found 6/20$121
Fri 9/275:50 amDUB - FRA
Nonstop2h 00mLufthansa
Sun 10/67:05 amFRA - DUB
Nonstop2h 10mLufthansa
Deal found 6/20$123
Thu 10/245:50 amDUB - FRA
Nonstop2h 00mLufthansa
Mon 10/286:35 amFRA - DUB
Nonstop2h 10mLufthansa
Deal found 6/19$125
Thu 7/185:50 amDUB - FRA
Nonstop2h 00mLufthansa
Sun 7/217:05 amFRA - DUB
Nonstop2h 10mLufthansa
Deal found 6/19$126
Thu 7/185:50 amDUB - FRA
Nonstop2h 00mLufthansa
Thu 7/257:05 amFRA - DUB
Nonstop2h 10mLufthansa
Deal found 6/20$129

Dublin to Frankfurt flights leaving soon

Find last-minute flight options from Dublin to Frankfurt for spontaneous travel. Discover available flights and compare prices based on user searches. Secure great deals and offers for spontaneous trips with quick booking options. Over the last 7 days, Cheapflights users made 3,256,981 searches. Data last updated June 20, 2024.
Book one of these great deals on flights from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main. It's wise to confirm all flight details are correct before booking.
Wed 6/266:45 pmDUB - FRA
1 stop25h 15mSWISS
Tue 7/28:50 pmFRA - DUB
1 stop16h 20mSWISS
Deal found 6/19$225
Sun 6/305:50 amDUB - FRA
Nonstop2h 00mLufthansa
Wed 7/37:05 amFRA - DUB
Nonstop2h 10mLufthansa
Deal found 6/20$233
Thu 6/276:45 pmDUB - FRA
1 stop12h 20mMultiple Airlines
Thu 7/47:05 amFRA - DUB
Nonstop2h 10mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 6/20$237
Sat 6/296:45 pmDUB - FRA
1 stop25h 15mSWISS
Mon 7/17:30 amFRA - DUB
1 stop12h 35mSWISS
Deal found 6/19$254
Wed 6/266:45 pmDUB - FRA
1 stop25h 15mSWISS
Tue 7/212:55 pmFRA - DUB
2 stops24h 15mSWISS
Deal found 6/19$263
Thu 6/276:45 pmDUB - FRA
1 stop12h 20mSWISS
Thu 7/48:50 amFRA - DUB
1 stop4h 20mSWISS
Deal found 6/20$269
Thu 6/2712:20 pmDUB - FRA
Nonstop2h 00mLufthansa
Thu 7/47:05 amFRA - DUB
Nonstop2h 10mLufthansa
Deal found 6/20$278
Fri 6/286:45 pmDUB - FRA
1 stop24h 25mSWISS
Sun 6/307:50 amFRA - DUB
1 stop11h 10mSWISS
Deal found 6/18$291
Sat 6/296:45 pmDUB - FRA
1 stop12h 20mSWISS
Mon 7/18:50 pmFRA - DUB
1 stop16h 20mSWISS
Deal found 6/18$294

One-way flights to Frankfurt from Dublin

Search for one-way flight options from Dublin to Frankfurt. Find affordable one-way fares based on user searches. Compare prices and availability to plan your one-way journey according to your preferred dates and budget. Over the last 7 days, Cheapflights users made 3,256,981 searches. Data last updated June 20, 2024.
Take a look at some of the best available options we've come across on one-way flights from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main. Users needing a return flight from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main should utilize the search form above.
Wed 9/45:50 amDUB - FRA
Nonstop2h 00mLufthansa
Deal found 6/19$64
Mon 9/305:35 pmDUB - FRA
Nonstop2h 00mLufthansa
Deal found 6/20$67
Mon 10/145:35 pmDUB - FRA
Nonstop2h 00mLufthansa
Deal found 6/20$68
Wed 7/175:50 amDUB - FRA
Nonstop2h 00mLufthansa
Deal found 6/19$88
Mon 9/305:45 pmDUB - FRA
1 stop13h 15mLufthansa
Deal found 6/20$100
Mon 10/145:45 pmDUB - FRA
1 stop13h 15mLufthansa
Deal found 6/20$101
Wed 9/47:50 pmDUB - FRA
1 stop11h 20mSWISS
Deal found 6/19$108
Mon 9/308:25 pmDUB - FRA
1 stop22h 35mSWISS
Deal found 6/19$112
Fri 7/191:00 pmDUB - FRA
1 stop7h 00mSWISS
Deal found 6/19$115

Find flights from Dublin to Frankfurt within your budget

Customize your flight search to find flights from Dublin to Frankfurt that fit within your specific budget. Explore options based on user searches and filter the results based on your desired price range. Find flights that match your budget for a cost-effective journey. Over the last 7 days, Cheapflights users made 3,256,981 searches. Data last updated June 20, 2024.

Fly from

Any airport

Fly to

Any airport

Budget

$105 - $200

Route

Depart

Return

Price

DublinFrankfurt am Main

DUB - FRA

DUBFRA

Dublin

Wed 9/18

Nonstop2h 00m

Frankfurt am Main

Wed 9/25

Nonstop2h 10m

$105

DublinFrankfurt am Main

DUB - FRA

DUBFRA

Dublin

Wed 9/18

Nonstop2h 00m

Frankfurt am Main

Wed 9/25

Nonstop2h 10m

$106

DublinFrankfurt am Main

DUB - FRA

DUBFRA

Dublin

Thu 11/28

Nonstop2h 10m

Frankfurt am Main

Tue 12/3

Nonstop2h 10m

$117

DublinFrankfurt am Main

DUB - FRA

DUBFRA

Dublin

Fri 11/8

Nonstop2h 05m

Frankfurt am Main

Mon 11/11

Nonstop2h 10m

$121

DublinFrankfurt am Main

DUB - FRA

DUBFRA

Dublin

Fri 9/27

Nonstop2h 00m

Frankfurt am Main

Sun 10/6

Nonstop2h 10m

$123

DublinFrankfurt am Main

DUB - FRA

DUBFRA

Dublin

Thu 10/24

Nonstop2h 00m

Frankfurt am Main

Mon 10/28

Nonstop2h 10m

$125

DublinFrankfurt am Main

DUB - FRA

DUBFRA

Dublin

Tue 7/16

1 stop6h 10m

Frankfurt am Main

Fri 7/19

Nonstop2h 10m

$149

DublinFrankfurt am Main

DUB - FRA

DUBFRA

Dublin

Wed 7/10

1 stop7h 00m

Frankfurt am Main

Wed 7/17

1 stop4h 00m

$177

DublinFrankfurt am Main

DUB - FRA

DUBFRA

Dublin

Thu 7/11

1 stop4h 05m

Frankfurt am Main

Tue 7/16

1 stop7h 00m

$200

Flights are sorted by cheapest first

Deals found on 6/19

How far ahead should I book a flight from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport?

Use this chart to determine the optimal time to book a round-trip flight from Dublin to Frankfurt. Price data was last updated on June 14, 2024.
Booking 56 days in advance of your planned departure date is, on average, the best time to get cheap flights from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport. The general trend is that the closer you book to the departure date, the more expensive your flight will be.
Search Deals

What is the cheapest day to fly from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport?

Use this chart to determine the cheapest time to fly round-trip from Dublin to Frankfurt. Price data was last updated on June 16, 2024.
Morning
Noon
Afternoon
Evening
All times are departure.
Travelers seeking maximum savings on their Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport flight should consider departing on Thursday afternoons when fares are most often at their lowest. Sunday mornings flights should be avoided if possible as fares are typically the most expensive at this time.
Search Deals

Best time to book a flight from Dublin to Frankfurt

Have a flexible travel schedule? Discover the best time to fly to Frankfurt from Dublin with our price prediction graph.
Estimated round-trip price
Rates are based on past data. Find the cheapest month and day to book your flight based on your travel requirements, then search for cheap deals.

Temperature and rainfall in Frankfurt by month

Plan your trip to Frankfurt by taking into account the average temperature and rainfall totals by month.

FRA

Temperature

33.8 - 64.4 °F

If weather is an important factor for your trip to Frankfurt am Main Airport, use this chart to help with planning. For those seeking warmer temperatures, July is the ideal time of year to visit, when temperatures reach an average of 64.4 F. Travelers looking to avoid the cold should look outside of January, when temperatures are typically at their lowest (around 33.8 F).

Reviews of airlines servicing Frankfurt

Get insights into the airlines that provide service to Frankfurt. Read reviews, discover amenities, and learn about the overall travel experience offered by airlines. Use this information to make informed decisions when choosing an airline for your flight to Frankfurt. Reviews last updated June 20, 2024.
Read reviews from past customers who have flown Lufthansa, KLM and SWISS from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main. You can also see how each airline compares in terms of entertainment options, comfort, food, crew/service, and boarding process.
7.9
Good
1,437 reviews

Crew

8.4

Boarding

7.9

Entertainment

7.2

Comfort

7.7

Food

7.3

Overall

7.9

Reviews

1 / 10

Departure was late. Plane much too small for an 11 hour flight. One bathroom was out of order in a completely full flight.

7.9
Good
1,437 reviews
7.9
Good
1,437 reviews

Crew

8.4

Boarding

7.9

Entertainment

7.2

Comfort

7.7

Food

7.3

Overall

7.9

Reviews

1 / 10

Departure was late. Plane much too small for an 11 hour flight. One bathroom was out of order in a completely full flight.

7.7
Good
1,876 reviews
7.9
Good
1,437 reviews

Crew

8.4

Boarding

7.9

Entertainment

7.2

Comfort

7.7

Food

7.3

Overall

7.9

Reviews

1 / 10

Departure was late. Plane much too small for an 11 hour flight. One bathroom was out of order in a completely full flight.

7.4
Good
1,359 reviews
7.9
Good
1,437 reviews

Crew

8.4

Boarding

7.9

Entertainment

7.2

Comfort

7.7

Food

7.3

Overall

7.9

Reviews

1 / 10

Departure was late. Plane much too small for an 11 hour flight. One bathroom was out of order in a completely full flight.

7.2
Good
1,253 reviews
7.9
Good
1,437 reviews

Crew

8.4

Boarding

7.9

Entertainment

7.2

Comfort

7.7

Food

7.3

Overall

7.9

Reviews

1 / 10

Departure was late. Plane much too small for an 11 hour flight. One bathroom was out of order in a completely full flight.

6.9
Okay
7,436 reviews
7.9
Good
1,437 reviews

Crew

8.4

Boarding

7.9

Entertainment

7.2

Comfort

7.7

Food

7.3

Overall

7.9

Reviews

1 / 10

Departure was late. Plane much too small for an 11 hour flight. One bathroom was out of order in a completely full flight.

Related info for your journey

Find useful and relevant information for your journey from Dublin to Frankfurt. Access travel guides, tips, and recommendations to enhance your travel experience. Get information about local attractions, weather, transportation options, and more.
  • What airport do you fly from for flights from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main?

    For a flight from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main, you will be flying from Dublin. Dublin (DUB) is just 5.7 mi from the center of the city. Dublin is the only Dublin airport and it handles 14 outbound flights to Frankfurt am Main per day. 3 airlines have flights to Frankfurt am Main from Dublin on a regular basis.

  • Can I find flights from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport for under $200 on Cheapflights?

    Yes, there are multiple flights from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport for under $200. The cheapest flight booked recently is on Lufthansa for just $105, but on average you can expect to pay $136.

  • Are there nonstop flights from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport for under $200 on Cheapflights?

    Cheapflights has at least 20 direct flights from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport under $200. A good price for a nonstop flight from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport is less than $148.

  • Are there last-minute flights available from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport for under $300?

    There are currently 20+ open flights from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport within the next 7 days for less than $300.

  • What days are nonstop flights available from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport?

    Nonstop flights can be found on the following days: Thursday, Saturday.

  • How many flights depart from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport on average per day?

    Travelers can expect 5 flights from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport on average per day.
    Morning (6am - Noon) - 40% of flight departures
    Afternoon (Noon - 6pm) - 60% of flight departures

  • How long is the flight from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport?

    There are many flights that can get you from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport in 2h. Fly via Lufthansa or SWISS to get the fastest option. The distance between Dublin and Frankfurt am Main Airport is about 678 mi. When browsing for deals, the options you’ll see will be for both nonstop flights and flights with stops.

  • What are the cheapest airlines flying from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport round-trip?

    Our cheapest airline available from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport is Lufthansa. Our recent data shows that you can find tickets from as low as $105 on this airline. An additional option worth looking into is SWISS, starting at $177. Lufthansa is priced at 36% lower than the current average price of a flight leaving 3 months from now.

  • What are the cheapest airlines to fly from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport one-way?

    To fly one-way, consider booking your trip with Lufthansa, which is currently one of the cheapest options available, starting at $64. SWISS flights start at $108 while deals on KLM start at $118 one-way.

  • What are the most reliable airlines from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport?

    Before booking your flight to Frankfurt am Main Airport from Dublin, check out the most reliable airlines to get you to your destination on time: Lufthansa CityLine (100%), Oman Air (83%), Aer Lingus( 83%).

  • What are the cheapest flights from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport?

    Looking for the cheapest flight from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport? While on average our users pay $1,278, our data indicates the cheapest price to be $64. The most popular route (Dublin - Frankfurt am Main), is priced around $201.

  • What does DUB to FRA mean?

    Dublin Airport is DUB and Frankfurt am Main Airport is FRA. These codes are created by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) and airlines use them to identify the departing and arrival airports in the flight routes they service.

  • Can I find deals for flights from Dublin to Frankfurt that include extra baggage allowance?

    The amount of baggage you can bring on your Dublin to Frankfurt flight depends on the airline and the type of fare you've chosen. After entering your flight details, you'll be able to view the specific baggage policies for each deal in the search results. Keep in mind that certain deals may offer additional baggage allowance.

  • Can I find deals on flights from Dublin to Frankfurt with specific airlines?

    Yes, Cheapflights allows you to browse and filter Dublin to Frankfurt flight deals by airline. After entering your origin and destination, use the available filters to view flights offered by airlines.

  • Can I find deals for flights from Dublin to Frankfurt that include hotel bookings?

    Yes. In addition to deals on Dublin to Frankfurt flights, Cheapflights offers vacation packages that include both flights and hotel.

  • How can I find direct flights from Dublin to Frankfurt?

    After entering your origin and destination, apply the non-stop filter on the search result page to find direct flights from Dublin to Frankfurt.

  • Can I find deals for business class flights from Dublin to Frankfurt?

    Yes. Cheapflights offers flight deals from Dublin to Frankfurt by cabin class. In addition to browsing deals, you can also filter by cabin class on the search results page after making a search.

  • Can I find deals for flights from Dublin to Frankfurt that allow pets onboard?

    Many airlines flying from Dublin to Frankfurt offer the option to travel with pets. After selecting a flight deal, you can find more information about the airline's pet policy on their official website or by contacting the airline directly. Please note that additional fees and restrictions may apply.

  • Can I find deals on last-minute flights from Dublin to Frankfurt?

    Yes, you can often find last-minute deals on Dublin to Frankfurt flights on Cheapflights. However, these deals can vary and may not always be available. We recommend checking back frequently or signing up for price alerts for the most up-to-date deals.

  • How recently were the Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport flight deals updated?

    The Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport flight deals you see on this page were last updated on 6/20.

  • What are the most popular airlines that fly from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport?

  • What is the cheapest month to book a flight from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport?

    Currently, January is the cheapest month in which you can book a flight from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport (average of $720). Flying from Dublin to Frankfurt am Main Airport in June is currently the most expensive (average of $1,131). There are several factors that can impact the price of a flight, so comparing airlines, departure airports and flight times can provide users with more options.

See more FAQs

Browse thousands of different options on Cheapflights for your next trip

Toggle through the tabs below to find thousands of options on Cheapflights for your next trip.

Top 3 airlines flying from Dublin to Frankfurt

Discover the top 3 airlines that operate flights from Dublin to Frankfurt. Compare their services, reliability, and customer satisfaction ratings to choose the airline that best suits your travel preferences and needs. Over the last 7 days, Cheapflights users made 3,256,981 searches. Data last updated June 20, 2024.
AirlineCheapestAverageFlexibilityOn-time
RyanairCheapest$40Average$89FlexibilityNo cancel feeOn-timeN/A
Aer LingusCheapest$69Average$118FlexibilityNo cancel feeOn-timeN/A
LufthansaCheapest$109Average$208FlexibilityNo cancel feeOn-time76%

Search flights from Dublin to Frankfurt by cabin class

Find flights from Dublin to Frankfurt, based on your preferred cabin class, be it economy, premium economy, business, or first class.

Hourly flight availability from Dublin to Frankfurt

Find hourly flight availability from Dublin to Frankfurt. Discover flight options and departure times throughout the day, allowing you to choose a departure time that suits your schedule. Data last updated June 20, 2024.
26%of flight departuresEarly morningMidnight to 6 am
52%of flight departuresMorning6 am to noon
22%of flight departuresAfternoonNoon to 6 pm
0%of flight departuresEvening6 pm to midnight
Midnight
6 AM
Noon
6 PM

Weekly flight availability from Dublin to Frankfurt

Explore weekly flight availability from Dublin to Frankfurt. Discover flights operating on different days of the week, giving you the flexibility to choose a travel day that best fits your plans. Compare info to find the most convenient option for your journey. Data last updated June 20, 2024.
Sunday12daily flights
Monday16daily flights
Tuesday18daily flights
Wednesday11daily flights
Thursday14daily flights
Friday17daily flights
Saturday12daily flights
100% Free
Cheapflights is completely free to use, so you can start saving the moment you arrive.
Book with Flexibility
Our users can plan ahead with confidence and find flights with no change fees
Travel Smart
Millions of people come to us for their flight needs every year. We help make travel planning easy by providing useful insights and data-driven graphs that can inform your decisions.